Montessori education came from Maria Montessori, who was a respected expert in child development during her time. Maria’s ideas focused on the emphasis that each child goes through his or her own unique development process and that effective learning should be in line with this development and the child’s capacity to learn.
Another very important aspect of Maria Montessori’s approach to education is that she believed that real knowledge requires more than just memorization of texts or formulas. She believed that knowledge should be made and delivered in accordance to the specific needs of a child and should be easy to understand. With this belief in mind, she developed different methods and series of materials that can be integrated into traditional classroom education or classroom setting.
Now that we know the background and the way of thinking of the founder of the Montessori method, we can go on to dissect what exactly in the contents of a Montessori curriculum.
Montessori schools in Dubai may of course still have slight differences when it comes to their curriculum content and how they implement it. But we can discuss how this curriculum mainly differs from the traditional classroom one.
In a traditional classroom, students learn by doing the same thing, at the same time, and in the same way as instructed by their teachers. They are grouped based on their age because it assumes that kids the same age basically know the same things. In a Montessori curriculum, learning is not and cannot be dictated by age. Learning is determined by the capacity and speed of how the child will learn. This is the reason why you will usually see mixed-age groups in a Montessori classroom. For example, a 2-year-old kid may be in the same classroom as a 4-year-old kid because the grouping is based on the learning capacity and development of students.
Principles of Montessori Curriculum
Many people and educators have supported the Montessori method of leaning and says that is a an ideal learning environment for children both in primary and elementary levels. In order to get a better idea of the Montessori curriculum, here are some of the basic principles involved in this education approach:
- Early childhood development is primarily given emphasis. In this period, kids are exposed to Montessori approach and practices that are continued well into the elementary years of school. It is during the early years of a child that their minds are the most adaptable to learning new information.
- Children are respected as individuals who have opinions and ideas.
- Children have an inborn or natural, motivation to learn and will do so if given the right materials and opportunities in the classroom.
- The most formative and crucial years of a child is between 1-6 years old.
- Teachers in the classroom are there to observe the learning process and help guide the children, but it’s the kids who are able to determine the direction they want to take when it comes to learning.
- Rigid memorization of school materials only inhibits the learning of children.